Madagascar: elections, Rajoelina prepares to win

The Independent National Electoral Commission ( Ceni ) said that the former Malagasy president Andry Rajoelina won the first round of the presidential elections last November 7 in Madagascar. Rajoelina won the elections with 39.19 percent of the votes in front of the other former president Marc Ravalomanana , with 35.29 percent. The two former heads of the state will challenge the run-off scheduled for 19 December. These results were however contested by Rajoelina, who denounced alleged “manipulations” in the counting of votes: ” The IT treatment of the results of the vote is not transparent,” said Rajoelina. But also the outgoing president Rajaonarimampianina denounced fraud: ” The vote of citizens has been the victim of manipulation. We will not let the citizens be robbed of their vote “.

The vice-president of the Electoral Commission , Thierry Rakotonarivo , replied to the accusations: ” There is no request made by the representatives of the candidates who have not met. The withdrawal of a representative of a candidate in the observation of the treatment of results will have no impact on the work of the electoral commission “. According to the head of the European Union’s observation mission, Cristian Preda , the vote was ” calm and orderly ” except ” only a small number of irregularities ” that are irrelevant.

10 million Malagasy have voted to choose whether to confirm the outgoing president Rajaonarimampianina. There were 35 candidates who chose to challenge the head of state, including Rajoelina, President from 2009 to 2014, and Ravalomanana, President from 2002 to 2009. In the previous 2013 elections, Ravalomanana was prevented from applying for the international community to because of the violence in 2009 that caused a hundred deaths and favored Rajoelina’s arrival in power.

At the moment, in the country, he supported Fr Eric Franck , director of ‘Radio Don Bosco Madagascar’,   “From this election, the population expects the next head of state to restore the security of a peaceful life: access to food, basic services and the end of attacks and robbery of armed gangs”. Fundamental human rights, like health, are not respected. Then there is “a lot of corruption, often to get a document or a service you have to pay an ‘extra’, and then there is the problem of crime “: an example is the phenomenon of cattle thieves , as reported in May by the first Minister Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana .

“The people are poor, but the country is extremely rich in natural resources,” said Father Eric Franck.

And to try to fix the difficult economic situation, on 6 September, Rajaonarimampianina signed an agreement in Beijing to the seventh edition of the ‘ Forum sur la coopération sino-africaine ‘ for the ‘creation of 10,000 direct jobs in Madagascar in the next in years “. The agreement, which sparked much controversy over the outgoing president, between Agence Malagasy de Développement Economique and de Promotion des Entreprises ( Amdp ) and the Chinese consortium um Taihe Century Investments Developments includes 6 projects to be implemented in Madagascar by 2025 and investment would be $ 2.7 billion. The sectors would cover fishing, the fight against illegal fishing, the construction of 330 vessels in the first three years. Only this would give work to 3,600 people. Another project would be for the desalinizzazuione of sea water on the coast of the Androy region, producing 10,000 m3 of fresh water daily.

The current fisheries minister of Madagascar, Augustin Andriamananoro , said that ” this could cause discord and, if we are not prudent, the over-exploitation of our ocean. The natural resources of Madagascar are in danger, especially fish. The fishermen are amazed and terrified.

And according to the online petition ‘ Madagascar: Faire révoquer l’accord de pêche signé avec la Chine ‘, promoted by NGOs and fishermen’s associations, the agreement would be very risky for the environment: « a good number of examples on our planet they prove that China does not respect the environment at all. Their fishing methods are extremely invasive, devastating and non-selective. This will very quickly become a major catastrophe for Madagascar and its population “. For Mihari, which brings together a series of marine associations in Madagascar, “the breadth of this investment is unprecedented in the history of the island. It is a matter of concern for the members of our network and for the whole fisheries sector, above all for the fact that we have very little information regarding the content of the agreement and how it will be implemented ». The agreement provides that the fish will go first to the citizens of Madagascar, but the Agence Malagasy de Développement Economique and de Promotion des Entreprises in the fishing sector has no experience whatsoever.

 

JFK murder, always open case

A day in late November of fifty – five years ago, the Texas city of Dallas was the center of the world for the visit and killing of the then President of the United States of America, John Fitzgerald Kennedy .

 

The motivations for this official commitment, even though there have been alarm signals of presidential security , identified in the previous days, have had priority over potential risks, favored, also, by the weak protection measures envisaged; an example of this was the condescension of the President himself in not wanting to implement some basic security measures such as the presence of the hood on the presidential car, the prohibition to escort the possibility of using the sirens and not to provide for the coaching of the car same by police officers on motorcycles.

Dallas in that precise historical period was a very hostile and dangerous place .

In the days before had appeared leaflets in which was included the phrase ‘wanted for treason’ , ‘wanted for treason’, referring to JFK, was the morning of the visit has been described in the local press as a traitor.

Although aware of the existing risk , Kennedy gave priority to the purpose of the trip, and specifically, its objectives were: to seek capital for the presidential election campaign ; obtaining consents for the second election that should have taken place in 1964 (the electoral rating rating having fallen in the last period, to compensate for this would have had to consolidate its position in Texas and Florida ); groped a truce between the leaders of the Texan Democratic party , fighting each other.

The original route was changed at the arrival of the President; The parade started the Dallas airport, arriving, at 12:30 pm local time, in Dealey Plaza , where the deposit of the Texas School Book , and from which, through a sixth-floor window, Lee Harvey Oswald shot at the presidential parade killing JFK , with an Italian-made rifle , the Mannlicher Carcano 91/38 , purchased a short time before by correspondence . The bomber was captured on the same day, however, claiming to be a scapegoat right away. The next day he was shot to death by gunshot, in the premises of the Dallas Police, by Jack Ruby , a fanatic which he said he wanted to avenge the murder of the President.

After taking over from Kennedy, the US Presidency, his deputy, Lyndon Johnson , immediately formed a commission of inquiry to investigate the death of JFK in order to arrive at certain conclusions.

The Warren Commission, named after its president, Earl Warren , President of the United States Supreme Court, would then determine that the only person responsible for the murder was Oswald . The Commission (which produced a report of 50,000 pages) came to this conclusion in consideration of the temperament of the same subject: psychic, mythomaniac and pro-Castro. He wanted to become famous with this killing. A conclusion far from clear and exhaustive , which left many doubts and obscure sides , both for the dynamics and for the reasons. It has certainly favored, at a general level, the proliferation of conspiracy theories .

Over the years there have been controversies and revisitations. In the 1970s a new Commission ( House Select Committee on Assassinations ) agreed on some conclusions from the Warren Commission , but not on the timescales of Oswald . The commissions considered the only guilty Oswald . According to supporters of conspiracy theories, the President would have been killed for a variety of reasons ranging from organized crime , to KGB , to Castro , to arms lobbies and oil companies . The work of the two commissions does not make clear , unequivocally, many factors related to ballistics .

From the declassification of classified files , commissioned by President Donald Trump , on October 26, 2017, a lot of additional information emerged , but they did not clarify the real motivations and the dynamics of the facts.
Specifically, through the new documentation we became aware of the fact that, according to a memorandum of the FBI director at the time, John Edgar Hoover , the FBI Dallas office had received an anonymous call , on the day of the attack, according to which an organized group wanted to organize the murder of Oswald; as a result of this, the FBI would have received guarantees from the Dallas Police about the safety of the suspect ; a guarantee that, in the end, it did not turn out to be real, because the following day Oswald was killed in the premises of the Police itself. Hoover , expressed within the memorandum, the conviction of fearing the birth of conspiracy theories following the killing of Oswald .

In a   document produced by the CIA , is reported the satisfaction of Cuban institutions for the murder of JFK , as considered an enemy of the Cuban people. From investigations carried out in Cuba by US agents, in periods following the event, it was possible to ascertain the non involvement of the Nation .

Environmental interceptions, prior to the assassination, placed Oswald at the Soviet embassy in Mexico City for an interview with a KGB agent , with whom he kept in touch by telephone.
Much documentation made known speaks of CIA projects to eliminate uncomfortable Heads of State , such as Fidel Castro, and others linked to communist regimes, both in South America and in Asia . It also deals with funding for organizations , including armed ones , against communism .

According to some of these documents, among the FBI’s suspicions , in addition to Oswald, there was JD Tippit , a Texan policeman of conservative ideas , whom he assassinated shortly after the President’s murder. A federal informant, H. Theodore Lee , heard from some patrons of a charitable association, that Tippit would shoot the mortal blow, and that he, Oswald, and Ruby (Oswald’s killer), they would be seen days before the murder. A series of documents on Tippit are of undoubted interest.

In 1979, another umpteenth parliamentary commission investigated the murder, coming to the conclusion that the President was assassinated following a conspiracy , without, however, providing evidence supporting the thesis.

The involvement of Cuba, of the Soviet Union , of organized crime and of the deviated elements of the Intelligence has been excluded .

The responsibility was attributed to potential individuals linked to organizations not identified but who would act independently .

Officially the parliamentary inquiry committees attributed the responsibility of the event to Oswald, but the dynamics and circumstances identified at the time and subsequently, up to 2017 (year in which a series of classified documentation was disclosed), did not provide important contributions solvers . Many of the questions about that November 1963 remain always unanswered 

Afghanistan: the United States at the table with the Taliban

The news is not of those that conquer the front pages of the newspapers, but it is worth telling because it opens a discrete glimpse of the underground diplomacy that in the Middle East has more than any official position.

Some Taliban leaders have recently met the US envoy in Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad , in their political office in Doha, Qatar .

It seems that at the table, representing the Taliban, were sitting two former prisoners of Guantanamo prison: Khairullah Khairkhwah , former governor of Herat, and Mohammed Fazl , former head of the Taliban army, both released in 2014 in an exchange of prisoners for the release of US sergeant Bowe Bergdahl , hostage in Afghanistan since 2009.

The talks in Qatar, not confirmed by the US Department of State but left to filter to the press by Taliban representatives, it seems that they have been going on for some months. Khalilzad already had contacts with the Taliban in Doha at least twice after the failed June ceasefire, which lasted only three days.

In Afghanistan the war has become almost endemic, lasting for seventeen years. On the one hand there is the government of Kabul, supported by the West, on the other the Taliban insurgency, in turn put to the test by violent clashes with ISIS cells. An Afghan hell complicated by the interference of Tehran: the Fatemiyoun brigades , protagonists of the Syrian war alongside President Bashar al Assad , are composed of Afghan Shiites enlisted by Iran. And so many of the attacks claimed by ISIS in Afghanistan affect areas inhabited by the Shiite population, such as the western part of Kabul.

In October, during an attack by the Taliban in the province of Kandahar, a US Army officer, Jeffrey Smiley , was also injured . The Taliban are raising the stakes: in Kabul they ask for the formation of a new government where they can have representation .

The United States envoy in Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, is the man whom the Trump administration has chosen to get out of the quagmire. He is Afghan, speaks one of the local languages, the pasthun, but also Farsi, the language of Tehran. He works at the US State Department since Reagan. At the end of the 90s he was a consultant for Unocal , the US oil company that, before September 11th, planned with the Taliban government of Kabul the construction of two gas pipelines that would have crossed the whole country changing the local economy. In the days of President George W. Bush , Khalilzad was the first American ambassador in Afghanistan, then in Iraq.

Zalmay Khalilzad’s ideas now make it clear: the fault of the Afghan chaos would be Pakistan, guilty of protecting the leaders of the Taliban insurgency within its borders. A vision that Trump shares to the end and that Monday found a rant on his Twitter account: the American president has accused Pakistan of not doing ‘one damn thing’ for the United States in Afghanistan.

In 2007 Khalilzad thought otherwise: at the time he explained that the neighbor Iran was the most important aid to the Taliban in Afghanistan, in an anti-American function. The very fact that today the Taliban has a political office in Qatar, the Gulf country closest to Tehran, should say a lot about current ties. But today the narrative has changed: even the Iranian president Hassan Rouhani avoids to officially criticize the presence of the American army in Afghanistan, painting it as an independent choice of the local government.

Despite the rhetoric of recent months and the entry into force of heavy US sanctions on Iran, Washington does not seem to seek a confrontation with Tehran when it comes to Afghanistan. Moreover, his correspondent, Khalilzad, is a frontier man: in the days of Bush junior, former US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice, whenever he referred to the possibilities of dialogue with Teheran, spoke of a ‘Zal channel’. An unofficial channel that had to be active ever since the war in Afghanistan in the late 1970s, when Iranian ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in the war against the Soviets supported the Afghan mujaheddin alongside the United States.

The ‘Zal’ channel seems to have remained intact regardless of the alternation of American administrations.

In 2014 when some Austrian newspapers wrote that Khalilzad and his wife were investigated in the country for money laundering, it soon became known that the Austrian court’s charges had been immediately withdrawn and ended up in vain.

Coincidence or not, when Doha Khalilzad talks with the Taliban leaders, Qatar begins to see a way out of the long embargo that the Gulf countries have imposed on it because of its positions close to Tehran.

Kuwait Deputy Minister Khalil al Jarallah announced on Monday that Qatar will be able to participate in the next Gulf Cooperation Council to be held in December in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It could be the end of the long diplomatic crisis.

In October, the very active Khalilzad, as well as in Doha, stopped in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. It is unlikely that someone will tell us what agreements have been taken behind the scenes to achieve this new development between Qatar and the Gulf countries. Yet one thing is clear: the war in Afghanistan, almost forty years after the start of the first conflict in 1979, is one of the cornerstones on which the fate of the Middle East is still being played.

Salvini Decree: humanitarian protection at risk?

“The security law serves the country and will pass by December 3 or skip everything and I refuse to think that anyone wants to go back, ” said Interior Minister and deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini . In fact, the Security Decree is in the Constitutional Affairs Commission of the Chamber, but is registering various obstacles to its path.

If to cross the sources, in every type of research, it is essential to find even a minimal coherence in the flow of data, the interaction at different levels of official legal acts (not always having the force of law) allows to bring them back to a precise institutional will and, in this case, to the same political authority.

The Decree n. 113/2018 has perfected a compression of the right of constitutional asylum for all those non-European citizens who are denied access to a safeguard clause for their fundamental subjective rights. In this process, the same national citizenship is directly involved in an overlap between security and personal rights , which constitute the legal framework on which it is built. The case of humanitarian protection offers, in this regard, a fitting example.

The Italian Constitution (Art.10, para 3) protection of the foreigner who, in their own country, is seen to prevent the ‘effective exercise of democratic freedoms (even just one), that is, civil liberties, political rights and social rights guaranteed by the Basic charter . This impediment is the foundation constituting the right to asylum , as defined by the Constitutional Fathers before the Geneva Convention on the status of refugees (1951) and subsequent acts of international and community law.

“Asylum and political refuge, although having different connotations, are nevertheless united in terms of procedural, the application for asylum must be assisted by the same formalities required for the request for recognition of refugee status (Cass. Civ, Section 1, n 26278/2005).

The asylum corresponds to a perfect subjective right of the foreigner, which can be immediately activated: he does not need an ordinary ad hoc law , already exists in the person and must not be ‘granted’ by the State, but only established in its presuppositions. “A very solid and profound principle ” – says Paolo Bonetti , a constitutionalist of the University of Milan – ” unlike the case of other European Constitutions , which have been reviewed because unnecessarily restrictive, ” it covers, as a system, a vast set of situations . These are due not only to refugee status (for individual persecution of a political, religious, cultural nature) and to the holder of subsidiary protection (danger of serious harm to the person resulting from violence, torture, life threatening), both of which integrate the international protection , but temporary protection (an exceptional measure for situations of serious disturbance of collective life, a condition for applying for asylum – this is the case of the inflows from Tunisia in 2011) and the humanitarian reasons that allowed the issue of residence permits .

Immigration law is a system of rules that interact on three levels: national (Constitution, laws and similar acts), European (EU treaties, directives and regulations of the Common System of Asylum ) and international (conventions and treated).

The permit of stay for humanitarian reasons, unlike the cases of international protection, was a ‘born’ institution in the internal legal system: it was not a reflection of an adaptation to European and international law – even if it referred to obligations deriving from the right international – not: Repealed by the Decree-law n. 113/2018 (in force since October 5), was provided by an ordinary law the Art. 5, paragraph 6 of the Consolidation Act on Immigration (Legislative Decree No. 286/1998 – TUI ), which made express reference to constitutional principles and international treaties.

Before the “Immigration and Security Decree” came into force, with the Circular of July 4th , the Minister of the Interior, on the basis of political evaluations of efficiency and economy (the times for examining the applications entail “significant charges for the Erario “), transmitted interpretative guidelines to the territorial Commissions for the evaluation of asylum applications.

Act of address, the Circular intended to limit the right to a residence permit for humanitarian reasons, on the grounds of its “residual nature” and even representing ” the most widely used benefit of the National System ” (with a registered average of 25% on applications for asylum examined in the last 5 years and 28% in May 2018 , 4 times the refugees and 7 holders of subsidiary protection, against 61% of the denials, out of a total of 9,099 people).

Lacking precise requirements for the granting of such a measure, its owners would be in excess, a reason for further organizational dysfunctions of the reception machine and potential factor of public insecurity. To this end, the Circular referred to the “necessary rigor” in examining “circumstances of vulnerability worthy of protection”, citing a sentence of the Supreme Court of February, which identifies in the ” serious reasons ” (presupposition of the concession) a general condition inherent to a necessary ” deprivation or violation of human rights in the country of origin ” ( Civil Cassation, No. 4455/2018 ). In this regard, the Circular condemns the practice of the Commissions that would have granted a large number of permits to persons without the requirements for international protection . Their permanence in the territory for (at least) 2 years generates, always according to the text of the Circular two consequences: the difficulties of social integration for the beneficiaries and ” consequential social problems that, in everyday life , also involve security reasons “.

Administrative bodies, territorial commissions and their sections are required to operate “with independent judgment and assessment” (Article 4, paragraph 3bis, Legislative Decree No. 25/2008) and count among the members of each Commission, a representative of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This quality , as Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo has written , professor of the subject at the University of Palermo and Director of the Association for the Other Law-Sicily, ” must therefore be guaranteed in any case also by the presence and choices of the member UNHCR member of the Commission territorial”. The United Nations Agency is also responsible for training and updating the personnel of the Commissions and “the positions of the High Commissioner “, the jurist emphasizes, “must not necessarily coincide with those of the Government that inspired the Circular.”

The rule of the TUI, defined as “residual” by the aforementioned Circular, established a form of protection that rested on sources expressly referred to: the Constitution and international law. This was a safeguard clause provided for by the Italian legal system to protect “cases discovered” on the basis of ” serious reasons , particularly of a humanitarian nature or resulting from constitutional or international obligations of the Italian State” (Article 5, paragraph 6) , TUI) . The seriousness of the reasons mentioned in the repealed rule was already defined by law and, with respect to their identification, a ministerial circular can not in any case dictate the criteria.

Moreover, as underlined by Chiara Favilli , Professor of EU Law at the University of Florence, the sentence of the Supreme Court – which the Ministerial Circular only partially reports – explicitly re-enters the condition of ” vulnerability ” posed by humanitarian protection ” l the possibility of satisfying the unavoidable needs and demands of personal life , such as those strictly linked to one’s own sustenance and the achievement of the standards   minimum for a dignified existence “, or” serious exposure to the injury to the right to health “as well as environmental or geopolitical situations so compromised as not to offer” any guarantee of life to the whole of the country of origin (drought, famine, unmentionable poverty situations) “.

Situations, in short, in which a part of the emigrant population does not fall under the sphere of international protection: a part of the so-called ‘ economic migrants ‘ fleeing extreme poverty and ‘ environmental migrants ‘, totally devoid of specific legal status.

Based on the jurisprudence (including that of merit), humanitarian protection has been configured as something more than a ‘charitable concession’. Among the international obligations inherent in the “serious reasons” that legitimized the issue of residence permits, we mention the ban on collective expulsions (Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, Article 19) and the principle of non-refoulement (Geneva Convention, 1951; ECHR, Art. 3), aimed at avoiding the risk of exposing the person to torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, according to the extensive interpretation of the European Court of Human Rights (a case that also involved Italy) . In addition to the right to asylum, supplemented by the extradition prohibition for political crimes of the foreign citizen (Article 10, paragraph 4 of the Constitution), constitutional obligations include the protection of health (Article 32 of the Constitution) as a fundamental right of the person and interest of the community. As for the “serious humanitarian reasons”, they refer to an open series of rights, which however finds its ‘heart’ in all the Conventions ratified by Italy concerning human rights and within the scope of the Constitution (Court of Constitution, No. 381 / 1999) – which necessarily requires subjective and objective assessments (such as assessments on the situation in the countries of origin) on a case-by-case basis , which, however, have nothing to do with criteria of economy and management efficiency.

To the repeated proposal ” said Bonetti , last January, ” to abolish with permission the residence permit for humanitarian reasons , I would invite to consider the regressive effect that would have on the implementation of the right to asylum: that law would certainly be unconstitutional . As for those who claim the ‘certifcato di persecuzione’ to accept a request for international protection, I invite once again to the historical memory and to the identity of a country founded on migration “.

The form of the Decree-law responds to an emergency and priority logic of the political agenda.

 

The permit of stay for humanitarian reasons, the assessment of which is currently precluded to the territorial Commissions and the Quaestors, is replaced by Decree 113/2018 with special permits for health reasons, natural calamities and civil merits. With the conversion of the Decree into law, an effective humanitarian protection could prove – despite the constitutional guarantees – more problematic in application than before the entry into force of the Consolidated Law.

The governmental erosion of the operation of asylum “under the conditions established by law” (Article 10, paragraph 3 of the Constitution) significantly recalls the relevance of General Umberto Nobile’s admonition to the Constituents: ” That the right of asylum must allow itself to isolated political refugees is something out of the question ; but tomorrow, thousands of political refugees from other countries could beat us on our doorstep and we would be forced to give them asylum without any limitation , when restrictions could also be recommended for reasons of an economic nature “.

Usa, the Trump (Donald and Ivanka) in the crosshairs

Hard times are still ahead for Donald Trump and his family. A US federal judge has in fact blocked the provision of the administration that suspended the right to seek asylum for migrants who illegally cross the southern border of the United States. The judge issued a temporary restraining order, accepting the appeal filed by the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for Constitutional Rights , which was sued after Trump had issued the order in response to the caravan of migrants who began arriving on the border with Mexico.

It will then discuss the tycoon’s decision to include Venezuela on the black list of terrorist sponsoring states, as anticipated by the Washington Post . But the president at least sees positive with regard to relations with China . The trade agreement was targeted, while it was confirmed that “very detailed communications” are underway between Washington and China in view of the expected meeting between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the G20.

Trump’s daughter Ivanka is also targeted

The Washington Post also reveals that hundreds of e-mails sent last year by the president’s counselor to his assistants, White House staff, and other administration officials were discovered using a personal account. Just like it happened to Hillary Clinton in the last legislature. Many of the emails dealt with government issues, in violation of the rules that prohibit the use of personal e-mail addresses for those in charge of government. Ivanka defended herself by saying that she did not know very well some details of the rules, but assured that no secret information passed through her and her husband Jared Kushner’s personal account. Moreover, Ivanka also reports that it would not have used a private server as it was for the former Secretary of State. But in the meantime the Democrats of the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform , the main investigative commission of the Chamber (where they now have the majority), want to investigate.

In France it is always the issue of yellow vests to keep attention high

Emmanuel Macron called for dialogue to allay the tensions that have arisen in recent days and led to several road blocks and demonstrations throughout the country. ” The government is coping with the protests. It is in the dialogue that we can get out of it, in the explanation, in the ability to find both the good pace and the solutions on the field “, said the French president, who recognized that it is normal for people to express frustration, adding that he is trying to change the country’s habits on fossil fuels. Then he confirmed his promises of subsidies for low-income families to buy cars or switch to more ‘clean’ home heating methods. Meanwhile, the Interior Minister, Christophe Castaner , denounced the ‘total drift’ of the movement of yellow gilets and pointed the finger at a radicalization of the movement.

In the meantime, four men have been arrested on charges of planning a terrorist attack last Saturday, the day of roadblocks throughout France by the yellow waistcoats. One of the four would have admitted with the investigators that he had planned to do a business taking advantage of the fact that the gendarmes would have been absorbed by the road blocks.

Let’s go back to the issue of migrants , because the EU High Representative Federica Mogherini has launched to the defense ministers of the 28: ” Or the countries find an interim solution on the ports of disembarkation of the migrants rescued by the Sophia operation ships, or we will have to dismantle the mission . I am convinced that there is a space for a solution if everyone realizes how much they risk losing, without a compromise “. Meanwhile, Israel will not sign the UN pact on migrants that will be signed next December in Marrakesh in Morocco. This was announced by Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu : ” We are committed to protecting our borders from illegal infiltrators. This is what we have done and this is what we will continue to do ».

Turning to the Brexit question, the British premier, Theresa May , will be in Brussels tomorrow for talks with the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker , on future post-separation relations with the EU. Meanwhile, the Spanish Prime Minister, Pedro Sanchez , even threatens the veto on the divorce agreement without the explicit reassurance that the status of Gibraltar will remain a separate dossier compared to the framework of future EU-UK relations.

In Belgium a judicial investigation will be opened for attempted homicide after the terrorist attack that saw the stabbing of a policeman in the historical center of Brussels. ” We have not yet succeeded in establishing the motive with certainty. The man has not yet been heard but witnesses would have heard him shouting ‘Allahu akbar’, “said the spokesman of the Prosecutor’s office.

In Brazil , the former mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad , defeated by Jair Bolsonaro in the last presidential elections, was indicted for passive corruption and money laundering.

According to the investigators, the exponent of the Workers’ Party would have pocketed 2.6 million reais (about 760 thousand euros) from the construction company UTC to pay off debts of its electoral campaign to the 2012 municipal elections.

In Yemen , clashes were resumed in Hodeida, a port on the Red Sea, between Houthi insurgents close to Iran and Yemeni loyalist forces supported by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The clashes took place in the central areas of Khamsin and Saleh. The parties accuse their respective rivals of having started firing again, effectively violating the truce reached in recent days.

We close with Afghanistan , where at least 40 people died and 60 others were injured following an attack by a suicide bomber against a religious gathering that was taking place in a large hall for weddings in Kabul.

I'm with Katia: executives of that 'thing' called PD, go away all!

Just over 48 hours and no one even talks about the PD and its assembly for the management of power.
You must acknowledge that I have said it and repeated it repeatedly , with insistence and even with resentment, even hatred and indifference to the sentiment of the recipients of what I was saying. You must acknowledge this: I have said it several times. The few or many who have read it, perhaps they have thought ill of me, have said that I am exaggerated, that I have ancient livery (the opposite, I assure you), that I do not understand anything politics, and on this I can fully agree – just that I am proud of it, because that would mean that, as I believe, I speak of being human, of a citizen and that’s it. In short, I said , ‘ Dear all leaders of the PD, away, away from here ‘, and repeated and I repeat.

But when, on the afternoon of November 17th, I heard this phrase: ” Retire all … start from scratch , not from people … let’s start from the ideas … change the status that you say you can not change but who tried to change it not us … »I am trasecolato, and then the most terrible thing:« … there is a cord in this room that divides the part of the important ones from the rest »! Who said it? Katia Tarasconi militant of the PD to the ‘assembly’ of the PD, from which, listen, listen Matteo Renzi was absent , Marco Minniti is silent and Maurizio Martina confirms the resignation , Matteo Orfini , Nicola Zingaretti , and the maneuver Dario Franceschini and a few others, all at the here on that cord, and all quiet.
Ah no, not only, because the ‘renziano iron’ and seraphic Roberto Giachetti , ‘critical mind of the renzismo’ (jesus, jesus and what does it mean?) Back from the last hunger strike for I do not know what and ready to start another , states tranchant, even ‘deciphered’: ” There will be no more excuse for all those who say they are with Zingaretti anti-Renzi version. Matteo pulls himself out and I want to see how my friend Gentiloni will justify his support for the governor of Lazio, who does and says the opposite of what Paolo has always said and done. And it will always be clearer that without Renzi this party evaporates , it is evanescent “… oh my God, so why is Renzi not going to let it fall before it fades into the ozone layer? But then, because one ‘is’ with Zingretti in anti-Renzi feature? What does it mean, who is Renzi , the messiah, the immortalist prophet? But you realize! Politics , projects , where are they? I’m naive, I know.

We are talking about the assembly , half a day, of the PD.

 

But not the main thing hard , revolutionary (it is incredible that such a thing is, but it is) of those very few words of that wonderful girl , who were given perhaps two minutes (in front of ten thousand of those accommodated from here by the cordon red … I hope that she was accommodated ‘beyond’ or that she went running), who shouted the desperation of those who see that ‘ thing ‘ that defines itself as a party due to the presence intrusive, continuous, insipid, wordy, contradictory and arrogant , especially arrogant, of those ‘leaders’. Which executives? But especially, managers why? who put them there? why are you still there after all that happened ? who named them or elected them or what you want? They are there because they are and why they are there, period. Katia , but how can you not understand it, who are you? You are there to make a number , not direct, you.

Where are the political proposals? what is being talked about in that half day of assembly.

 

 

And why not in a real Congress ? how does a party and not a power management association or a business committee or a board of directors, rather than in that fair of the vanities of the so-called primary, if you decide who can vote, if the members or the first pass by the road.
Think about it, look demented absurdity: the S egretario party, not only not ‘out’ from a congressional debate, with opposing arguments, interventions articulated and rich in proposals for true party members (and others ‘leaders’) discussing , they quarrel and they beat each other, maybe, but not even by a choice by the members ; because, almost certainly will be ‘ elected ‘ by people who are not in the party , but who follow and vote for and for the propaganda of this or that candidate , who may even spend a lot of money – coming from yet another absurdity of this way of doing politics : foundations , mysterious and vaguely mythical entities, unknown ircocephalos funded by those who know who … (not that the other parties are better eh, when we have a party to the Government that is the son of an association of professionals, that is a professional helped by a comedian! ) – spends, I say, money to propagate his ‘ ideas ‘, or better, his own person , ideas that then will not find any accomplishment at the election, perhaps thanks to a large group of passing Chinese.

Let’s start from the base , let’s start with ideas , says poor Katia.

 

Yes, you’re fresh . Beyond the cord that divides those that count from others, it’s about , it’s negotiating, it’s threatening, insulting, getting lost … but all in silence , slowly, every now and then some shout is heard outside, but no, you’ve heard wrong, nobody ‘cries we all agree and running fine harmony’, yes, we have knives in hand, but only serve to cut the pork for sandwiches preparat by the companions of Katia -compagne now in the usual sense … it makes me laugh: the fist now raises only the concentrate Danilo Toninelli , although not knowing why!
Katia is right, let’s face it frankly among us, he’s right to sell. Especially since the absent Renzi, already organizes committees parallel to the party, to get out with Calenda (finally dine in peace!), But not for a split -that vulgarity! -, but for a consensual separation … is the comedy of ‘ absurd. Of political proposals, no lines speak … it’s not chic!

It is not just that those self-styled ‘leaders’ think only of dividing what remains of the party, but of the very concrete and terrible fact for which they live in the offices of their respective foundations and in the salons and lounges of ‘ good ‘ society (and of some bank), emuls of that Fausto Bertinotti who , having dropped the G overno of the ‘ left ‘ (albeit very watered down), became the guest of honor , even the darling , of those salons where, now out of politics , he told and told, cutesy with sheath of the glasses in the neck, how do the revolution and how, as a perfect sub-commander of his nonexistent and pathetic Zapatista army, you get between a sandwich and the other, to run in rivers the blood of the bourgeoisie by way of Monte Napoleone … in theory – for some stars that read, is a paraphrase of a famous’ battuta0 of that Pelham Grenville Wodehouse -. And in those lounges those ‘leaders’,’ elaborate ‘wonderful strategies to catch and maintain power, that power that only a little’ at a time the new owners of steam are grabbing. Of course very quickly to tell the truth, but there is as much space as you want.

And so off to the dances, to the comparisons, for the ‘primaries’ (as late as possible, Renzi needs time, you know) to the ballet of proposals and promises, to the accents under the counter, to compromises, to ‘comparisons’ in TV, complacent to be voted by the first who passes, thanks to the organizational work, to the elbow oil, of what remains of the ‘base’, and that remains such. Di Katia , that is, that unnecessarily stole , in general indifference, to say the only serious thing : withdraw everyone . Forget, however, poor Katia and some others who said the same things, that the ‘party’ is much more her than the leaders, indeed, only her, and then, Katia, you should not say ‘retire’, but ‘ go away 

Budget maneuver: give the Government a chance

In Europe, almost no one has a good word to say about the Italian Government coalition, which includes the 5 Star Movement (M5S) and the Lega party.

The disagreement is between those who want to penalize Italy immediately for defying the rules of the eurozone budget and those who are willing to delay the punishment , or at least to manage it more slowly. But here’s an idea: why not avoid the punishment of everything and give the Italian government a chance?

The reason is not that the coalition is particularly nice. It is not. M5S does everything to insult and threaten critical journalists, and the League despises immigrants and local administrations that give hospitality to asylum seekers who risked their lives across the Mediterranean.
However, there are good reasons to postpone the judgment on the Government . After all, it’s still very new, it’s popular nationally, it’s in a position from which it can do something good, and it ‘s challenging the tax rules that needed to be reformed anyway .

Yes, the M5S / League coalition is noisy. Under the de facto leadership of the League leader and Minister of the Interior, Matteo Salvini , who has a talent in polemizing daily with national and foreign critics.

It is worth mentioning that their government is only six months old.

No Government should be judged so quickly , unless its actions (not just its words) are so imprudent as to endanger the country’s Constitution , security or stability . The M5S / Lega coalition has not yet done so. What he did was to propose an annual budget that entails a deficit of 2.4% of GDP in 2019 , about three times greater than the deficit proposed by the previous government, but not enormous for international standards .

As expected, the budget proposal drew the attention of the European Commission, which could open its first ‘excessive deficit procedure’ against a Member State. But the Government is mainly proposing an increase in public spending and tax cuts designed to maintain the electoral promises of its members. Such measures may prove useless or ineffective , but not to the point of being reckless .
Moreover, unlike many new governments, the popularity of the M5S / League coalition has grown since it came to power. Together, the two sides have more than 60% support among Italian voters . This may not last, but can not be ignored .
And while part of the coalition’s popularity is due to support for unattractive political positions-that is, the anti-immigrant position of the parties to the government and the clash with the EU- also reflects the voters’ desire for a modernized social state . An interpretation of the coalition’s intention is that it is pursuing a system modeled on effective ‘flexicurity’ measures launched by Denmark . (And, of course, tax cuts and pension increases never go wrong with voters).
To be sure, the ‘citizenship income’ proposed by M5S will be diabolically difficult to implement. The idea is to provide a monthly income of € 780 ($ 888) to those who are actively looking for a job and to register and guide recipients through local work centers (as in the Danish model). The problem is that the Italian local public administration is notoriously ineffective, especially in the south, where unemployment is higher.

Yet, even if there are good reasons to be skeptical about the plan , it is still a step in the right direction . It may take a decade to verify its feasibility and optimize its implementation. But it is time for an Italian government to start the process.

The budget of the Government as a whole should be considered in the same spirit. Independent economists are certainly right in saying that they will not give the growth boost that the coalition has promised . Even if the budget would provide a large waste of money, this is not the same as a well-focused stimulus effort.
But rather than risk a real crisis by blocking the Italian budget of 2019, the European Commission would do better to push for more targeted structural reforms in 2020 , after the coalition parties have fulfilled their electoral promises. While higher interest rates on Italian public debt and a confrontation with the EU could lead to a recession and even a disaster – if they provoke threats of ‘ ‘ Italexit ‘from the euro – a more accommodating approach could prevent the worst .

Among Italy‘s main economic weaknesses are its historically low levels of public investment and its weak infrastructure , as evidenced by the tragic collapse of the Morandi Bridge in Genoa in August. Unfortunately, the coalition is currently divided over infrastructure spending . While the league continued to press for other high-speed trains and new avenues, some in the M5S remain slaves to an anti-capitalist and anti-development ideology. This stalemate must be broken , either within the coalition or through a new general election in 2019, if necessary.

Meanwhile, the remaining 18 euro area Member States should consider whether the 2012 fiscal compact which forged the euro sovereign debt crisis needs to be updated . Mario Monti , then Prime Minister of Italy, has long insisted that capital investments be treated differently from current expenditure , so that countries like Italy could still pursue infrastructure spending.
Monti’s advice should be followed . Another former Italian Prime Minister , Romano Prodi , called the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact ‘ stupid ‘. “A clash with the populist and popular government of the eurozone in the name of antiquated and too rigid rules would be really stupid.”