The freedom fighter who avenged the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy | Everything you need to know

Shaheed Udham Singh, one of India’s bravest freedom fighters, was born on December 26. Udham Singh, known for avenging the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, was born in Sangrur district in Punjab in 1899.

On April 13, 1919, when British soldiers under the leadership of General Reginald Dyer opened fire on unarmed civilians, who had gathered there to participate in a peaceful demonstration in the Jaliianwala Bagh. Around 400 people died and more than a thousand were injured by bullets from British soldiers. At that time Udham Singh was only 20 years old and this incident shook him from the bottom of his heart.

After this massacre by British soldiers, Udham Singh decided to avenge the innocent lives who died that day and made it his mission to kill the main person responsible for this cruel action, General Reginald Dyer, known as by General Dyer.

The revolutionary freedom fighter assassinated General Dyer in London on March 13, 1940. He shot General O’Dyer at a meeting of the East India Association and the Royal Central Asian Society in Craxton Hill. However, after killing O’Dyer, Udham Singh was arrested by British police, and later on July 31, 1940, he was hanged to death in Pentonville Prison. His last remains were sent back to India in 1974, and then he was cremated in his village of Sunam, in the Sangrur district of Punjab.

Later in 2021, to honor the legacy of Sardar Udham Singh, Bollywood filmmaker Shoojit Sircar along with actor Vicky Kaushal made a biopic on his life titled “Sardar Udham”. Thanks to this film, many people were able to learn more about the whole episode of Jallianwala Bagh and General O’Dyer’s revenge after 21 years of massacre.

In 2018, a 10-foot-tall statue of Udham Singh was unveiled by Union Home Secretary Rajnath Singh at the main entrance to Jallianwala Bagh.


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Thelma J. Longworth