Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, poet, freedom fighter and first woman of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement


Indian poet Subhadra Kumari Chauhan: “Khoob ladi mardaani voh toh Jhansi wali Rani thi.” These words from the evocative poem, “Jhansi ki Rani”, are almost synonymous with Rani Laxmibai, as the poem is considered one of the most recited poems in Hindi literature. The author of this poem is Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, and today is her 117th birthday, on August 16.

Born in 1904 in Nihalpur near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was also a freedom fighter. Today’s Google Doodle honors him for his contribution and accomplishments. The doodle has Chauhan, dressed in a sari, sitting with a pen and paper. In the background, we can see Rani Lakshmibai, but also that of the movement for freedom.

The doodle was illustrated by New Zealand-based guest artist Prabha Mallya.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan loved to write poems since childhood. She reportedly wrote her first poem at the age of 9 on a neem tree. Five of his published works include two collections of poetry – Mukul and Tridhara – and three narrative collections. His three collections of stories are Moti, Unmadini and Seedhe-Saade Chitra. She made groundbreaking statements in the struggle for freedom through her works – she has a total of 88 published poems and 46 short stories.

‘Jhansi ki Rani’ however remained the most famous work, with the poem making it popular among the masses.

First woman of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan not only put her emotions and dreams on paper, but also lived those in her real life. She participated in Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement and is said to be the first Indian woman to do so. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan played an active role in the struggle for freedom in India, which led to her imprisonment on several occasions. She also inspires others to join the fight for freedom through her works.

Chauhan’s works, both in poetry and prose, focused primarily on difficulties, such as gender and caste discrimination, encountered and overcome by Indian women.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan died on February 15, 1948, at the age of 44.

Regarding death, the poet once said: “I have no idea of ​​leaving the earth even after my death. I want to have a tomb, around which there will be a fair, children playing, women singing and a lot of commotion. “


Thelma J. Longworth

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