Prime Minister Narendra Modi named these revolutionaries in his speech to Durga Puja; read their untold stories | India News


New Delhi: On Thursday, October 22, Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the people of West Bengal on the occasion of Durga Puja. He shared his puja greetings in Bengali and called on the population to adhere to social distancing standards and wear face masks while participating in the festivities.

Speaking about the empowerment of women, Prime Minister Modi said that the women of the country should be given the respect people give to Goddess Durga. In his 20-minute speech. Prime Minister Modi said: “In the 21st century, our vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat, ‘Autonomous India’, will grow stronger from the land of Bengal. We have to take the culture, the pride, the progress of Bengal to new heights. “

“We are ensuring rapid development for the people of Bengal through various programs. We are doing everything to alleviate the problems of the people of Bengal and improve their way of life. We have adopted Purbaday’s vision to develop East India. Bengal Westerners must play an important role in making our vision a success, ”the Prime Minister said.

At the event held at the Eastern Zonal Cultural Center (EZCC) in Salt Lake, the Prime Minister recalled the contributions of Bengal reformers like Ram Mohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, spiritual leaders Ramkrishna Paramhans and Swami Vivekananda, of the cultural giant Rabindranath Tagore and revolutionaries. like Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Syama Prasad Mookerjee and Khudiram Bose to shape the national identity of India.

He also referred to the contributions of Guruchand Thakur and Harichand Thakur, social reformers from the politically influential community of Matua, and Panchanan Burma, a social reformer from the North Bengal region, where the BJP has significantly extended its influence. The Prime Minister also took the names of a few other revolutionaries given below:

1-Pritilata Waddar

Lesser-known revolutionary Pritilata Waddar spent her short life waging war against British rule. Born in Chittagong, now in Bangladesh, she was a promising student at Eden College in Dhaka. Wadderdar’s anti-British sentiments took shape as she slowly developed links with women who led semi-revolutionary groups. Wadderdar was influenced by Leela Nag, a student at Dhaka University and associate of Subhash Chandra Bose

She came to Calcutta for higher education and enrolled as a philosophy student at Bethune College, University of Calcutta. In the city, Waddar was introduced to revolutionary leader Surya Sen and joined his underground underground movement. During the Chittagong Armory Raid in April 1930, Waddar, 20, joined Surya Sen in attacking the British Armory and destroying the telegraph and telephone lines. The group failed to locate the armory, but they destroyed the telegraph and telephone lines.

Some of the group were arrested, but Waddar managed to escape with others and regroup over the next few months. In 1932, the group attacked the Pahartali European Club in Chittagong, because of its racist and discriminatory practices, in particular its use of the sign “Dogs and Indians prohibited”.

A group of 10 people were trained in weapons handling under Waddar’s guidance and also learned how to consume potassium cyanide when needed. They attacked the club on September 23, 1932, but Waddar was shot and was unable to escape. She consumed potassium cyanide to escape arrest and ended her own life when she was only 21 years old.

2-Bina Das

Bina Das was only 21 when she opened fire on Governor of Bengal Stanley Jackson in the convening room of the University of Calcutta in 1932. She was supposed to graduate from the same place. She had to serve nine years of forced labor for her act. Bina Das was among the many lesser-known revolutionary women who were at the forefront of the Bengal freedom movement.

His parents, Beni Madhab Das and Sarala Devi were deeply involved in Brahmo Samaj. In the early 1900s, Das’ mother Sarala Devi ran a women’s hostel named Punya Ashram in Calcutta, which also served as storage space for bombs and weapons. Several occupants of this inn were themselves revolutionaries, belonging to various underground groups.

During the summons, Bina Das had fired five shots at Jackson at close range but was tackled and disarmed by Hassan Suhrawardy, the Muslim first vice-chancellor of the University of Calcutta. After her release from prison, Das returned to a world she felt was different from the one she had to leave almost ten years ago. In the early 1940s, she was imprisoned in the presidential prison because of her work for the freedom movement. She was released in 1945 but continued her fight against the British.

In 1947, she married another revolutionary, Jatish Chandra Bhaumik, a member of the Jugantar group. In 1960, she received Padma Shri for her contributions to social work. She died in destitution and poverty in December 1986. Her decaying body was reportedly found in a ditch in Rishikesh. It took the authorities weeks to identify that she was Bina Das.

3-Matangini Hazra

Born in a village called Hogla, near Tamluk, in 1869, Matangini Hazra was the daughter of a poor farmer who could not afford to provide her with a formal education. She was married to Trilochan Hazra, aged 12 to 60, from Alinan village in Medinipur. By the age of 18, Matangini Hazra was a widow, childless, according to documents available in West Bengal government records.

After the death of her husband, Hazra was so inspired by Mahatma Gandhi that she became his devotee and earned the name “Gandhi buri”. At the age of 61, she was arrested for participating in the civil disobedience movement in 1930. Her participation in the civil disobedience movement led to several short stays in prison during which she met revolutionary women. She became an active member of the Indian National Congress and began to spin her own khadi.

During the Quit India movement in August 1942, its involvement in the struggle for freedom intensified. In September 1942, Hazra, 73, led a procession of about 6,000 demonstrators, mostly women, to retake Tamluk police station from British authorities. In the skirmishes between the protesters and the police, Hazra came forward with the flag calling on the police not to shoot at the procession. Her calls were not heard and she was shot three times, but continued her walk chanting “Vande Mataram” until she collapsed and died.

4- Jatindranath Mukherjee ‘Bagha Jatin’

Born in the village of Kaya, in the district of Kushtia, undivided Bengal, in 1879, Jatindranath Mukherjee received the epithet of “Bagha Jatin” in 1906 when he fought alone a Royal Bengal tiger for three hours and l ‘killed with a dagger. During his teenage years he was influenced by Bhagvad Gita and the writings of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. As a university student, Jatin participated in the relief work undertaken by the Ramakrishna mission in the streets of cholera-stricken Calcutta and also came into contact with Sister Nivedita, the Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda. .

Sister Nivedita introduced Jatin to Vivekananda and this meeting changed her life. Swami Vivekananda commissioned Jatin to take over the mission of bringing together dedicated young men with “muscles of iron” and “nerves of steel”, who could immerse themselves in the service of the homeland.

Later, he meets Sri Aurobindo, who considers Jatin to be his right hand. Sri Aurobindo entrusted Jatin with the task of creating a “secret society network” to train young people dedicated to the revolution against the British. The secret society became known as Jugantar and Bagha Jatin became its commander-in-chief.

During World War I in 1914, a pro-Indian international committee with the support of the German government was established in Berlin, headed by Virendranath Chattopadhyay, who had ties to the American Ghadar and Yugantar party in India. Rash Behari’s attempted mutiny with Ghadar in February 1915 was foiled, but Jatin was still awaiting the arrival of German arms in India.

The shipment never arrived, he and his four assistants were pursued by a police team led by Charles A Teggart. They entered Balasore but their hiding place was searched by the police. One of them died in the meeting that followed, two were hanged and the fourth was imprisoned. Bagha Jatin was seriously injured and later succumbed to his injuries at the Balasore public hospital.

At the age of 35 he breathed his last, but before his death he made a statement taking full responsibility for the actions and demanding fair treatment of his innocent supporters.

5- Kaji Najrul Islam

Prime Minister Modi also mentioned the name of prominent Bengali poet, writer, musician and anti-colonial revolutionary Kazi Nazrul Islam, born May 25, 1899 in Bardhaman district of West Bengal. Kazi Nazrul’s poetry and music focused on themes such as religious tolerance and rebellion against oppression.

The national poet of Bangladesh is also remembered as Bidrohi Kobi or “Rebel Poet”. His impact on Bengali music is measured by the fact that nearly 4,000 songs written and composed by him constitute a genre of their own.

Born into a Bengali Muslim family, Kazi Nazrul Islam served as a muezzin in his youth at a local mosque where his father Kazi Faqeer Ahmed was the imam and guardian. He developed an interest in poetry, theater and literature while working with the rural theater group Letor Dal.

Nazrul joined the British Indian Army in 1917 and served in the 49th Bengal Regiment before settling as a journalist in Calcutta. He wrote the “Rajbandir Jabanbandi” or “Deposition of a political prisoner” in prison.

At the age of 43, Nazrul began to lose his voice and his memory due to a mysterious illness, identified as Pick’s disease. This rare neurodegenerative disease caused a deterioration in his health and forced him to live in isolation in India, notably in a psychiatric hospital in present-day Jharkhand’s Ranchi.

In 1972, Nazrul and his family moved to Bangladesh at the invitation of the government. He died four years later, on August 29, 1976.


Thelma J. Longworth

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