February 1878 – The Macedonian Revolution
The 3rd such revolution (after 1821 and 1854), which was started by the Greeks of Macedonia then under Ottoman control, following opposition to the Treaty of San Stefano (1878). This treaty concluded, with considerable Russian influence, that the region of Macedonia was to be removed from the control of the Ottoman Empire and handed over to Bulgaria.
In response to this decision, Macedonian revolutionaries demanded the abolition of the treaty and insisted that Macedonia be reunited with Greece.
On February 19, 1878, the Macedonian revolutionaries launched two attacks; One from Mount Olympus and another from Mount Vourinos.
After nearly 6 months of fighting, the Revolution did not achieve the expected result, as Macedonia was not reunited with the Greek state.
However, the vehement opposition of the Macedonian Greeks to pan-Slavism and a Greater Bulgaria has been documented internationally, so the diplomatic position of Greece, which opposed the Treaty of San Stefano from the outset, has also been reinforced. .
A new agreement was made at the Treaty of Berlin in July 1878. Macedonia would not be given to Bulgaria but would remain under Ottoman control. Although Macedonia remained outside Greece’s borders, the revolution played an important role in Macedonia’s eventual incorporation into the Greek state in years to come.
Notable revolutionaries in the campaign were: Anastasios Pichion, Kosmas Doumpiotis, Georgios Zacheilas, Tolios Lazos, Bishop Nikolaos Lousis, Theodoros Ziakas.