New law on the jurisdiction of first instance courts to speed up case resolution – IBP – Manila Bulletin


Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP)

The Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) has welcomed the signing of a new law that has broadened the jurisdiction of first instance courts in civil cases, a move aimed at unclogging court files and speeding up dispute resolution.

“President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Law No. 11576 expanding the jurisdiction of first and second level courts, amending the provisions of Batasang Pambansa Blg. 129 or the ‘Judicial Reorganization Act of 1980’, ”he said in a statement.

Since the law was published in the Official Journal on August 4, the IBP has declared that “this law will enter into force on August 20, 2021, ie 15 days after its publication in the Official Journal”.

Under RA 11576, the IBP explained that regional courts of first instance (RTC) “will exercise exclusive jurisdiction in all civil actions involving title to or possession of real estate valued at P 400,000, Previous 20,000 P to 50 P, 000. “

“The BTI will also have jurisdiction over actions in all maritime and maritime jurisdictions where the demand or claims exceed P2 million as well as all probate matters, both testamentary and intestate, when the gross value of the estate exceeds P2 million. The previous jurisdictional threshold varied between 100,000 and 200,000 P ”, he added.

Also under the law, the IBP said that the metropolitan courts of first instance, municipal courts of first instance in cities, municipal courts of first instance and municipal courts of first instance in civil cases “will exercise their jurisdiction. jurisdiction over civil actions and probate proceedings, wills and intestate when the value of personal property, estate or the amount of the claim does not exceed P2 million.

“These courts shall also have jurisdiction over all civil actions involving title to or possession of immovable property or any interest the estimated value of which does not exceed 400,000 P. Actions of the Admiralty and Maritime where the demand or claim does not exceed not 2 million P2 will also fall under the jurisdiction of these courts, ”he noted.

The IBP said the new law also gives the Supreme Court (SC) the power “to adjust adjudication amounts for first and second level courts”.


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Thelma J. Longworth

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