Named after the freedom fighter Maulana Mazharul Haque, what is this Bihar State University suffering from? –


Founded in 1998, Maulana Mazharul Haque Arabic & Persian University (MMH A&P) in Patna is named after a great freedom fighter in the country. | Photo: MMH A&P website

Help India!

Established to meet the educational needs of Bihar’s Muslim minority community, Maulana Mazharul Haque Arabic & Persian University (MMH A&P) in Patna is today mired in controversies that hamper its development.

Sami Ahmad |

BIHAR – Maulana Mazharul Haque Arabic & Persian University (MMH A&P) in Patna is named after a great Bihar freedom fighter, but is lagging behind and in bad shape in its goal of meeting the educational needs of the Muslim community. . From its inception, the university has been mired in controversy. Notification of its formation came in 1992, however, the campus was not established until six years later in 1988. It took another 10 years for the university to become operational in 2008 with its first academic session.

On December 22, the university celebrates its annual day to commemorate the birthday of Maulana Mazharul Haque.

The university is in the news these days regarding allegations of financial irregularities made by its Vice-Chancellor, Professor Mohammad Quddus, against his predecessor, Professor SP Singh. The allegations were followed by the resignation of Professor Quddus on December 17, 2021. Profession Quddus alleged that the former VCSP Singh was “a repeat offender and that he had hired a labor agency ignoring the standards”. Against this Professor Singh served a legal opinion for libel of Rs. 5 crore against Professor Quddus.

Professor Quddus cites “pressure to pay staff from internal sources” as one of the main reasons for his resignation. His other allegation is that he was not getting the proper cooperation from university officials and staff.

Who was Maulana Mazharul Haque
Maulana Mazharul Haque (1866-1930) was born in Patna and graduated in law from England. The Siwan District Administration portrays him as a “distinguished person”, who later practiced law in the nearby town of Chhapra. According to his website, “He did his primary education with a Maulvi at home. He graduated from Patna Collegiate in 1886. Then he went to Lucknow for graduate studies and was admitted to Cannigh College but did not continue there and went to England to study law in 1886. He returned in India in 1891 after passing the law and starting to practice in Patna. On the advice of his friend William Barket, he entered the bench as Munsif. But he quickly resigned due to disputes with the district and session judge and began practicing in Chhapra. Again, he went to Patna in 1906 to practice law.

According to the MMH A&P University website, “Maulana Mazharul Haque was a legal scholar, statesman, educator, journalist, poet and philosopher combined in one. He was a staunch nationalist and a staunch supporter of the secular foundations of this country. He believed that “whether we are Hindus or Muslims, we are in the same boat. We must sail or sink together.

No good start
The university named Maulana Mazharul Haque, however, does not sail with the other two universities established in 1992 like Veer Kunwar Singh University, Arrah and BN Mandal University, Madhepura. Ironically, MMH A&P has jurisdiction over all of Bihar while the other two are limited to their areas.

From its inception it began to sink and float on its own. First, it took two decades to secure land for its campus near the old Mithapur bus station in Patna after changing addresses half a dozen times. It has a sprawling building but its area is only 6.5 acres while the other universities are much larger in area. For example, Veer Kunwar Singh University in Arrah has over 40 acres of land.

As senior journalist and professor Abdul Qadir says, “This university was created without any assets like colleges and another institution.” It operated without any courses or any students from 1998 to 2007. In 2008, it started 9 courses in which 786 students were enrolled. After the affiliation of madrasas for their Alim and Fazil diplomas, the number of students reached more than 20 thousand.

While BN Mandal University has 14 constituent colleges and Veer Kunwar Singh University has 18, according to information available on their official websites, MMH P&A University does not have a single constituent college.

BN Mandal University has 18 affiliated colleges, MMH P&A University has only one. This is the number of B.Ed. colleges which brings a certain balance because MMH P&A has 29 B.Ed. colleges affiliated with it.

In 23 years of its creation, the University has seen nine regular rectors, two of whom are non-academics. There were three occasions when VCs from other universities took on its extra load.

Strength as weakness
Professor Abdul Qadir says the Arabic and Persian etiquette could have been his strength if he had been able to have a memorandum of understanding with the Gulf countries and their educational institutions, but that vision was lacking. “Instead, this label caused the abandonment by education department officials,” he said.

The University offers degree courses in Functional and Persian Arabic, Manuscriptology and Oriental Librarianship.

These lessons could have been and can still be his strength, argues Professor Qadir.

Lack of staff
MMH A&P University has received penalties for 56 teachers, but there are only 5 appointed by the government on its payroll. Three other permanent teachers are expected to join the Islamic studies department. This would leave 48 teacher seats vacant. To cover up to approximately 23 seats, visiting professors were hired. Likewise, around 65 non-teaching staff should have been appointed to the state salary scale, but only 7 work in this capacity. Its budget is 25 crore rupees while its internal resources are used to pay staff while Veer Kunwar Singh Univesity, Arrah operates with a budget of over 600 crore rupees.

Departments and Schools website page does not open with “Page not found” message. However, the university’s registrar, Dr Mohmmad Habibur Rahman, told that “there are eight departments at the university, namely Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English, education, Islamic studies, management and journalism. There are around 350 students currently studying in these departments.

No UGC subsidy
MMH A&P University was included in the list of universities maintained by the University Grants Commission under section 2 (f) in 2004. However, UGC said the university would not be eligible to receive grants. assistance from it and any other source funded by the Government of India.

Registrar Dr Habubur Rahman said that while inclusion under section 2 (f) gives the right to start courses and graduate, but to obtain grants from UGC and others government sources, inclusion under section 12 (B) is required. As MMH A&P’s wait for inclusion under 12 (B) is not yet over, its development as a research-based university is marred.

Minority link
This state university is seen as a source of educational development for Bihar’s Muslim minority, with an emphasis on labeling Madrasa students for streamlining their education with modern learning and tools.

Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, while paying tribute to “the great personality” of Maulana Mazharul Haque, wrote in remembrance that the state government is committed to bringing the whole community into the mainstream through education, health care, jobs and business opportunities.

A senior government official in Bihar, Amir Subhani, mentioned in the memory of the university that “this university has a central role to play in improving the level of education in the state, especially among students of the minority communities “.

The Department of Minority Welfare has partnered with the University to carry out its important free mentoring program for students from the state’s minority community who are preparing for several competitions.

The university is the second such institution to face harsh weather conditions in its goal of helping to raise the educational standards of the Muslim community. The other is the Kishanganj Center at Aligarh Muslim University. Relevantly, Kishanganj was recently declared as the poorest district in Bihar by NITI.

Way forward
Professor Quddus and Dr Habib agree that the university should be registered under Section 12 (B) of the UGC for financial aid. Second, appointments to all government sanctioned positions must be made without further delay.

Professor Quddus said the “VC must correct the irregularities to make it work properly.”

Both suggested that the university take control of the establishment of the madrasa exams as it is not involved in the Alim and Fazil madrasa diploma preparation program.

Sami Ahmad is a journalist based in Patna, Bihar. He tweets to @samipkb.



Thelma J. Longworth