How Vladimir Lenin influenced Indian revolutionaries


On February 17, 1920, a group of Indian revolutionaries met in Kabul to adopt a resolution. The resolution addressed to Russian communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin expressed deep admiration for the struggle of the working class in Soviet Russia which he was waging. “Indian revolutionaries express their deep gratitude and admiration for the great struggle waged by Soviet Russia for the liberation of all classes and all oppressed peoples, and in particular for the liberation of India,” the statement said. Barely a few months later, Lenin answered the Indian call. “I am happy to learn that the principles of self-determination and the liberation of oppressed nations from exploitation by foreign and native capitalists, proclaimed by the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Republic, have met with such a swift response among progressive Indians, who are fighting a heroic fight for freedom, ”he said. For the revolutionary leader, an India free from oppressive British rule was a necessary precondition for a decisive defeat of an exploitative capitalist system.

Lenin was sure that the Russian Revolution would be incomplete if it was not followed by a similar uprising of workers and peasants across Europe and Asia. The anti-colonial struggle in this regard was a necessity, an essential step in this direction, and Lenin did everything to motivate and support a revolution against imperialist rules.

Therefore, the Russian revolutionary played a crucial role in the rise of the communist movement in India, as well as in the anti-colonial struggle which led to the birth of a free India.

A decade before the Russian Revolution, Lenin aggressively defended the need for an international community of revolutionaries. In his article, “Flammable material in world politics” Written in August 1908, the leader made a detailed analysis of revolutionary movements around the world, admiring their intensity and appreciating the diversity of their methods to bring down those who hunt and exploit.

“The international movement in various European and Asian countries has recently made itself felt so strong that we see before us the fairly clear outlines of a new incomparably higher stage in the international proletarian struggle,” he wrote.

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The counter-revolution in Persia, the revolutionary movement in the army led by the young Turks and the movement against the medieval order in China were discussed with great ardor by the Communist leader. While discussing India, Lenin praised the natives who in the early twentieth century had revolted against the “civilized” British, destabilizing them from their position of security. “In recent times in India the native slaves of ‘civilized’ British capitalists have been a source of concern to their ‘masters’,” he wrote.

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He celebrated the rise of the Indian proletariat and its potential to consolidate an international revolution led by the working classes.

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But perhaps the Russian giant’s most remarkable contribution to the revolutionary process in India was the support it gave to the formation of the Communist Party of India (ICC). It was Lenin who personally received the founder of the CPI, MN Roy, in Moscow where he was invited to attend the second world congress of the Communist International, and it was he who led Roy to formulate his ideas in addition to the thesis. de Roy on national and colonial issues. It was under Lenin’s leadership that Roy published his writings in the weekly newsletter of the Communist International, and was also a member of the organization’s presidium for eight years. During this period, Roy was mentored by Lenin to prepare the East for its time of revolution. From Moscow, Roy published some of his most influential writings, including “India in Transition”, “The Future of Indian Politics” and his own newspaper, “The Vanguard”, which would eventually become the organ of the CPI. . During this period, still under Lenin’s tutelage, Roy founded the CPI in Tashkent in October 1920. In the decades to come, the CPI would not only become the face of the communist movement in India, but also shape much of the world. nationalism. movement and the political landscape of independent India.


Thelma J. Longworth