HerStory Flashback Revolutionary Indian Women

Although Mahatma Gandhi espoused the cause of civil disobedience and followed and encouraged the path of non-violence, India’s struggle for independence would not have been the same without the contribution of revolutionaries. These revolutionaries took an active and hard-hitting stand against British rule, to make their voices heard.

Often when we talk about Indian revolutionaries, the names that come to mind are Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev and Surya Sen among many others whose sacrifices have been celebrated through various sources such as history textbooks , movies and songs.

Among these are a number of fearless revolutionary women who fought brave battles against the might of the British Empire and contributed to India’s freedom struggle. A large number of revolutionary women came from Bengal where the tide of freedom struggle was very strong.

Today, on our 69and Independence Day, His history Flashback celebrates and salutes these brave revolutionary women. Here are a few :

Kalpana Datta

Kalpana Dutta

Dipankar Das writes that the culmination of India’s armed struggle for independence was the Chittagong uprising. The uprising began with 64 young men under the leadership of Surya Sen capturing the British government armies and the port city of Chittagong.

Kalpana Datta was an active participant and took an active part in the activities of the revolutionaries. Whether it’s making bombs or attacking the symbols of British power.

She was born in the city or Sripur, which is now in Bangladesh. Although taken prisoner and sentenced to life, she was released early, in 1939. In 1943, she married a communist leader, Puran Chand Joshi.

She died on February 8and in 1995 in Calcutta. She was 81 years old.

Kalyani Das

Kalyani Das was from Bengal and studied at the University of Calcutta. She was part of the Bengal Volunteer Corps organized by Subhash Chandra Bose during the 1928/29 session of Congress. She was arrested during the civil disobedience movement and held for eight months for organizing an illegal meeting in Hazra Park in 1932. In 1937 she was kept at home.

Lakshmi Sehgal

Captain Lakshmi

Born Lakshmi Swaminathan and often referred to as Captain Lakshmi, Lakshmi Sehgal was an Indian National Army officer. She was born in the Madras Presidency and studied medicine. In 1942, she met Subhash Chandra Bose and became his close assistant. For the next two years, she led the Rani Jhansi Regiment of the INA.

In 1971, she joined the Communist Party of India and also represented it in the Rajya Sabha. She was also one of the founding members of the All India Democratic Women’s Association in 1981. Based in Kanpur, she actively saw patients until she was 92 years old.

Latika Gosh

Latika Ghosh was educated at Oxford and founded the Mahila Rashtriya Sangha (MRS) in Chittagong in 1928. The purpose of the sangha was to fight for freedom through the mobilization of women through political work and primarily to resist the Commission Simon.

In 1928, at the request of Subash Chandra Bose, Latika Ghosh took charge of female volunteers who were to march with men in a procession to inaugurate the Annual Congress meetings in Kolkata.

She died in 1987.

Pritilata Waddar

Sandip Bandyopadhyay who has written about revolutionary women in Bengal talks about Pritilata Waddedar. She studied philosophy and completed her studies in Chittagong and Kolkata. She taught at a local English high school.

Pritilata Waddar

Sandip writes, Surya Sen ordered him to carry out an attack on a European club. She led the raid successfully and then committed suicide. The leaflet found on her body ended with these sentences: “I sincerely hope that our sisters will no longer feed on the idea that they are weak. The armed women of India will break down a thousand obstacles, ignore a thousand dangers and join the rebellion and the armed struggle for freedom and prepare for it. With this hope in my heart, I proceed to self-immolation today.

Veena Das

Another revolutionary brave heart from Bengal, she was born to a Brahmo teacher (father) and her mother was a social worker. She was an active member of the semi-revolutionary Bengal Women’s Organization. Chatri Sangha.

Veena Das attempted to assassinate Stanley Jackson, then Governor of Bengal. The assassination failed and she was imprisoned. Subsequently, she was released in 1939.

She joined the Congress party and was also part of the Quit India movement.

Reference

The story of two incidents of Dipankar Das, Economic and political weekly, flight. 40, no. 24 (June 11-17, 2005)

Calcutta Newspaper, AM, Economic and political weekly, flight. 38, no. 49 (6-12 December 2003),

Women in the Revolutionary Movement in Bengal (1902-1935), Sandip Bandyopadhyay

Women in Modern India, vol. 4

Thelma J. Longworth