Rajguru was only 22 when he was hanged with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev for the death of John Saunders

File image of a postage stamp on Shivram Hari Rajguru issued March 22, 2013. Wikimedia Commons

Today, August 24, marks the birthday of Shivaram Hari Rajguru, one of India’s great freedom fighters. The revolutionary, along with Sukhdev and Bhagat Singh, was hanged on March 23, 1931 by the British government.

Rajguru was born to Parvati Devi and Harinarain Rajguru on August 24, 1908 in the village of Khed, Maharashtra. Growing up, he was inspired by the ideology of Lokmanya Tilak. Rajguru joined the “Seva Dal”, participating in training camps in Ghatprabha. He later became a member of the Republican Socialist Army of Hindustan.

He quickly came into contact with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. The trio participated in the assassination of British officer John Saunders on December 17, 1928. Saunders was killed to avenge the death of freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai.

The three freedom fighters were then captured and sentenced to death. When he died, Rajguru was only 22 years old. Every year March 23 is celebrated as “Shaheed Diwas” to pay homage to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.

Rajguru’s birthplace was renamed Rajgurunagar. His ancestral home is now known as Rajguru Wada. The Hutatma Rajguru Samarak Samiti (HRSS) hoists the national flag every year at Rajguru Wada on the occasion of the Republic Day.

On Tuesday, the Union’s Culture Ministry paid tribute to the freedom fighter on his birthday, saying “the nation will always bow in gratitude for the greatest sacrifice made by the martyr”.

The Congress party also paid tribute to Rajguru, praising him as “an eminent scholar in various Indian scriptures and known for his shooting skills.” The party described him as an inspiring figure who encourages young Indian minds to work for their nation even today.



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