Fiery freedom fighter Mallu Swarajyam is dead
HYDERABAD: Mallu Swarajyam, the fiery freedom fighter who revolted against the Nizam regime and took part in the Telangana armed struggle between 1945 and 1948, died on Saturday.
The 91-year-old dual MLA and CPM chief was hospitalized 20 days ago following a lung infection. She is survived by three children.
A member of the central committee of CPM, Swarajyam was born in Karvirala-Kothagudem village in Thungathurthy mandal of Suryapet district. As her family participated in the independence movement, she was named Swarajyam (self-reliance).
Born in 1931, she studied up to class 5. At the age of 10, Swarajyam came across Maxim Gorky’s “Mother” by chance and it marked her for the rest of her life.
Braveheart Swarajyam ignored social norms to serve people
Although there were restrictions against women at that time, she began her political life at the age of 11 in response to an appeal by Andhra Mahasabha against forced labor in 1941.
She distributed rice to people of different castes, ignoring prevailing social barriers to fight for the welfare of the oppressed with the support of her mother – Bhimireddy Chokkamma.
She became a revolutionary leader and mobilized the people against the Nizam. During the armed struggle, she carried a prize of Rs 10,000 above her head. His participation in popular movements led Razakars to burn down his house in 1947.
She has toured extensively in places like Karimnagar, Adilabad, Nalgonda and other districts and inspired people.
Swarajyam’s husband Venkata Narasimha Reddy and brother Bhimireddy Narasimha Reddy were also members of the Communist Party. After the division at the CPI, she supported the CPM.
She was elected twice on a CPM ticket from Tungathurthy Assembly. She was a Member of Parliament from 1978 to 1983 and from 1983 to 1984. During her second term as Member of Parliament, the Assembly was dissolved by the then Chief Minister NT Rama Rao. Swarajyam was also a member of the editorial board of “Chaitanya Manavi”, a magazine published by leftist women. She also worked at AIDWA.
Swarajyam wrote his autobiography ‘Naa Maate – Tupaki Tuta’ (My word is a bullet). During the 1983 assembly elections, some leaders threatened voters in Nagaram (now the seat of the mandal). Around this time, a senior leader of the then ruling party had a falling out with Swarajyam. He threatened her with a gun to which she replied, “Are you going to shoot?” So shoot me”. Having no choice, he left.
Swarajaym’s body would be donated to Nalgonda Government Hospital and there would be no last rites. CPM State Secretary Tammineni Veerabhadram said Swarajyam’s body would be kept at the party office at RTC Crossroads from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. Sunday. CM K Chandrasekhar Rao offered his condolences for his death.