Chandra Shekhar Azad Birth Birthday India Revolutionary Freedom Fighter Fight Interesting Unknown Facts

Birth anniversary of Chandrashekhar Azad: “If however your blood is not raging, then it is water which runs in your veins…” declared Chandrashekar Azad, who was a central figure of the Indian independence movement. This year commemorates the 116th birthday of Chandra Shekhar Azad, a name that will live on and on.

Early life of Chandrashekhar Azad

Chandrashekhar Azad was born on the 23rdrd July 1906, in the village of Bhabhra, in the princely state of Alirajpur. His mother wanted him to become a Sanskrit scholar as he was sent to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benares for further education. The Jallianwallah Bagh massacre affected him deeply, so during India’s non-cooperation movement, 15-year-old Azad was ready to be part of it. In 1921 he joined the movement, but shortly after joining the movement he was arrested.

Chandrashekhar Azad: his role in India’s freedom struggle

After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement, Chandrashekhar Azad met Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Republican Organization of Hindustan. He became an active member and was one of the masterminds of Kakori’s train robbery which took place in 1925.

A close associate of Bhagat Singh, he transformed the HRA into the Hindustan Socialist Republican Organization in 1928. The same year, he killed John Saunders, the deputy superintendent of police to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He was arrested after that.

He had learned archery which gave him an overall advantage while fighting against the British movement. He was affectionately called “Quicksilver” by Ram Prasad Bismil for his alertness and restlessness.

Azad killed three policemen and injured many others in Alfred Park on February 27, 1931, while defending himself and Sukhdev Raj. He fought singlehandedly with the British army for a long time, but later Azad could not flee, unlike Raj.

Keeping his promise never to be taken alive by British forces, he killed himself with the last bullet he had. The gun is now on display in the Allahabad Museum and the area has been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park in his honor.

Azad played a major role in India’s struggle for independence and his heroism inspired millions of Indians.

“… Because what is the elan of youth, if it is not at the service of the fatherland”, said Chandrashekar Azad.

Chandrashekhar Azad Vision for India:

Chandrashekhar Azad aspired to liberate India not only from external oppressors but also from internal oppressors. He was part of a movement that was not only anti-community in politics but also critical of religion itself. He was the commander-in-chief of a movement that aimed to establish true democracy in India.

According to Manmathanath Gupt, Azad in his moments of ecstasy used to sing and hum his dream which was:

“Jehi din hoi jai surajva, Arhar ke daliya, dhan ke bhatua, Khob kachar ke Kaibena, Array Jehidin hoi hai surajava”

(In an independent India, the masses will have enough food to eat, cclothes to wear and a house to live in)

Thelma J. Longworth