10 Facts About India’s Fearless Freedom Fighter
India had a good number of freedom fighters who fought to secure the country’s independence from British rule, and among the well-known figures was Chandra Shekhar Azad. Today, July 23, marks the birthday of the fearless man who chose to make the ultimate sacrifice by committing suicide to escape imprisonment and torture at the hands of the British.Also Read – PM Modi remembers Chandra Shekhar, talks about PMs museum
Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906 in the village of Bhabhra in present-day Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His mother, Jagrani Devi, wanted him to be a great Sanskrit scholar, so he was sent to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benares to study. As a freedom fighter, he was involved in the robbery of the Kakori train in 1925, the attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India’s train in 1926, and the assassination of the officer of British police JP Saunders in Lahore in 1928. Read also – Chandra Shekhar Azad’s passion for freedom inspired youth: PM Modi
Here are some facts about him:
1. He was born Chandrashekhar Tiwari but changed his name to Chandra Shekhar Azad, “Azad” meaning “The Free”. He would also use the name “Balraj” when signing declarations as Commander-in-Chief of the HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republic Army).
2. When Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement in December 1921, Chandra Shekhar Azad, then 15 years old and still a student, joined the movement.
3. Chandra Shekhar Azad was arrested for joining Gandhi’s movement and, as punishment, was whipped. It is said that when he was brought before the magistrate, he gave his name as Azad (The Free), his father’s name as Swatantrata (Independence) and his place of residence as Prison.
4. After Gandhi suspended the non-cooperation movement in 1922, Chandra Shekhar Azad joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organization formed by Ram Prasad Bismil, Sachindra Nath Sanyal and others.
5. Chandra Shekhar Azad took charge of the HRA after Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri and Thankur Roshan Singh were sentenced to death in the Kakori train robbery case.
6. After the capture of the main HRA leaders, Chandra Shekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh secretly reorganized the HRA into the HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republic Army) in September 1928.
7. When Lala Lajpat Rai died in 1928 from severe injuries he suffered at the hands of Superintendent of Police James A Scott, HSRA members swore to avenge his death. But due to mistaken identity, Deputy Superintendent of Police John P Saunders was killed.
8. Chandra Shekhar Azad’s death came when Virbhadra Tiwari, a former companion who later turned traitor, informed the police of his whereabouts. During the shootout with police in what was then known as Alfred Park, Azad was injured as he tried to defend himself.
9. With no other way out, Chandra Shekhar Azad, 24, committed suicide to evade the police, and his body was sent to Rasulabad Ghat to be cremated without informing the general public.
ten. The Allahabad Park where Chandra Shekhar Azad died on February 27, 1931 has been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park, and the Colt pistol he used is on display in the Allahabad Museum.